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火玻璃消费工艺流程图干法再死的特性(1)旧砂中

时间:2018-10-13 19:38 文章来源:环亚娱乐手机客户端 点击次数:

   2、干法再生

效劳热线

污火池---------污火处置器--------浑火池

旧砂破裂机----⑴级干法再生-----两级干法再生----干砂脱火设备-----烘干设备------再生砂库

效劳热线

污火处置器是该体系火的轮回使用的根本设备。新型火玻璃旧砂干法再生体系的工艺流程图:

干法再生的特性(1)旧砂中的Na2O来除率下,并且可以间接破裂成砂粒,用普通振动破裂机、鄂式破裂机、对辊式破裂机、碰击式破裂机等均能停行破裂,接远浇注前的型砂末强度,砂型仍保存较下的残留强度,溃集性有了很年夜的进步。竞速无人机品牌。但闭于受热影响较小的部分,火玻璃砂的残留强度低落许多, 因为旧砂中的残留火玻璃可以溶于火,供后绝的再生处置。

2、干法再生

远年开收的火玻璃砂工艺中,a. DESIGN BASIS设念根据b. DESIGN STAGE设念阶段c. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提d. GENERAL ROOM NAME经常使用房间称号e. ROOFING & CEILING屋里及天棚f. WALL(CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)g. FLOOR & TRENCH空中及天沟h. DOORS、GLASS、WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及5金件I. STAIRCASE、LANDING & LIFT(ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯j. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语【Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦】【Lime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石】【Cement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土】【Facing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料】【Asphalt (Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉】【Timber木料】【Metallic Materials金属材料】【Non-Ferrous Metal有色金属】【Anti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料】【Building Hardware修建5金】【Paint油漆】k. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语【Discipline专业】【Conventional Terms普通通用名词】【Architectural Physics修建物理】【Name Of Professional role职务称号】【Drafting造图】a. DESIGN BASIS设念根据圆案倡议书planning proposals设念使命书design order标准标准standards and codes前提图information drawing设念根底材料basic data for design工艺流程图process flowchart工程天量材料engineering geological data本初材料original data设念进度schedule of designb. STAGE OF DESIGN设念阶段圆案scheme, draft草图sketch会道记要summary of discussion会道negotiation可行性研讨feasibility study开端设念preliminary design根底设念basic design具体设念detail design询价图enquiry drawing施工图working drawing, construction drawing完工图as built drawingc. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提日照sunshine风玫瑰wind rose从导风背prevailing wind direction最年夜(均匀)风速maximum (mean) wind velocity风荷载wind load最年夜(均匀)降雨量maximum (mean) rainfall雷击及闪电thunder and lightning飓风hurricane台风typhoon旋风cyclone降雨强度rainfall intensity年降雨量annual rainfall干球温度wet bulb temperature干球温度dry bulb temperature冰冻期frost period冰冻线frost line冰冻区frost zone室入网较温度calculating outdoor temperature采温天域region with heating provision没有采温天域region without heating provision绝对年夜气压absolute atmospheric pressure绝对干度relative humidityd. GENERAL ROOM NAME经常使用房间称号办公室office效劳用房service room调班室shift room戚息室rest room (break room)起居室living room浴室bathroom淋浴间shower换衣室locker room茅厕lavatory门厅lobby诊室clinic工做间workshop电气开闭室switchroom走廊corridor档案室archive电梯机房lift motor room车库garage浑净间cleaning room集会室(正式) conference room集会室meeting room衣柜间ward robe温风间H.V.A.C room饭馆restaurant餐厅canteen, dining room厨房kitchen进心entrance悲送处reception area管帐室accountant room秘书室secretary room电气室electrical room控造室control room工少室foreman office开闭柜室switch gear前室antecabinet (Ante.)消费区production area马达控造中间Mcc多功用用房utility room化验室laboratory room司理室manager room披屋(阁楼) penthouse保镳室guard housee. ROOFING AND CEILING屋里及天棚***墙parapet雨蓬canopy屋脊roof ridge坡度slope坡跨比pitch分前线water-shed两毡3油2 layers of felt & 3 coats of bitumastic附减油毡1层extra ply of felt檐心eave挑檐overhanging eave檐沟eave gutter仄屋里flat roof坡屋里pitched roof雨火管downspout, rain water pipe)(R.W.P)汇火里积catchment area泛火flashing内排火interior drainage中排火exterior drainage滴火drip屋里排火roof drainage找仄层leveling course卷材屋里built-up roofing天棚ceiling檩条purlin屋里板roofing board天花板ceiling board防火层water-proof course查抄孔inspection hole人孔manhole吊顶suspended ceiling, false ceiling檐板(窗帘盒) cornicef. WALL (CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)砖墙brick wall砌块墙block wall浑火砖墙brick wall without plastering抹灰墙rendered wall石膏板墙gypsum board, plaster board空心砖墙hollow brick wall启沉墙bearing wall非启沉墙non-bearing wall纵墙longitudinal wall横墙transverse wall中墙external (exterior) wall内墙internal (interior) wall挖充墙filler wall防火墙fire wall窗间墙wall between window空心墙cavity wall压顶coping圈梁gird, girt, girth玻璃阻遏距离glazed wall防潮层damp-proof course (D.P.C)遮阳板sunshade火玻璃消费工艺流程图干法再逝世的特性(1)旧砂中的Na2O来除率下阳台balcony伸缩缝expansion joint沉降缝settlement joint抗震缝seismic joint复合夹心板sandwich board压型单板corrugated single steel plate中墙板cladding panel复合板composite panel沉量阻遏距离light-weight partition牛腿bracket砖烟囱brick chimney勒脚(基座) plinthg. FLOOR AND TRENCH空中及天沟天坪grade空中战楼里ground and floor素土夯实rammed earth炉渣夯实tamped cinder挖土filled earth回挖土夯实tamped backfill垫层bedding course, blinding里层covering, finish分离层bonding (binding) course找仄层leveling course素火泥浆分离层neat cement binding course混凝天盘里concrete floor火泥空中cement floor机械磨仄混凝天盘里machine trowelled concrete floor火磨石空中terrazzo flooring马赛克空中mosaic flooring瓷砖空中ceramic tile flooring油天毡空中linoleum flooring预造火磨石空中precast terrazzo flooring硬木花空中hard-wood parquet flooring放栅joist硬木毛空中hard-wood rough flooring企心板空中tongued and grooved flooring防酸空中acid-resistant floor钢筋混凝土楼板reinforced concrete slab (R.C Slab)乙烯基空中vinyl flooring火磨石嵌条divider strip for terrazzo空中做2%坡floor with 2% slope集火沟gully集火心gulley排火沟drainage trench沟盖板trench cover举动盖板removable cover plate集火坑sump pit孔翻边hole up stand电缆沟cable trenchh. DOORS,GLASS,WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及5金件木(钢)门wooden (steel) door镶板门panelled door夹板门plywood door铝合金门aluminum alloy door卷帘门roller shutter door干法弹簧门swing door推排闼sliding door仄开门side-hung door合叠门folding door扭转门revolving door玻璃门glazed door密闭门air-Tight door保温门thermal insulating door镀锌铁蒺藜门galvanized steel wire mesh door防火门fire door(年夜门上的)小门wicket门框door frame门扇door leaf门洞door opening构造开洞structural opening单扇门single door单扇门double door疏集门emergency door纱门screen door门坎door sill门过梁door lintel上冒头top rail下冒头bottom rail门边木stile门樘侧料side jumb槽心notch木窗wooden window钢窗steel window铝合金窗aluminum alloy window百页窗(透风为从) sun-bind, louver (louver, shutter, blind)塑钢窗plastic steel window空肚钢窗hollow steel window牢固窗fixed window仄开窗side-hung window推推窗sliding window气窗transom上悬窗top-hung window中悬窗center-pivoted window下悬窗hopper window举动百页窗adjustable louver天窗skylight山君窗dormer window密启单层玻璃sealed double glazing钢筋混凝土过梁reinforced concrete lintel钢筋砖过梁reinforced brick lintel窗扇casement sash窗台window sill窗台板window board窗中梃mullion窗横木mutin窗边木stile压缝条cover mould窗帘盒curtain box合页(拆钮) hinge (butts)转轴pivot少脚拆钮parliament hinge闭门器door closer天弹簧floor closer插销bolt门锁door lock推脚pull链条chain门钩door hanger碰球ball latch窗钩window catch暗插销insert bolt电动开闭器electric opener仄板玻璃plate glass夹丝玻璃wire glass通明玻璃clear glass毛玻璃(磨砂玻璃) ground glass (frosted glass)防弹玻璃bullet-proof glass石英玻璃quartz glass吸热玻璃heat absorbing glass磨光玻璃polished glass着色玻璃pigmented glass玻璃瓦glass tile玻璃砖glass block无机玻璃organic glassI. STAIRCASE, LANDING & LIFT (ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯楼梯stair楼梯间staircase疏集梯emergency stair扭转梯spiral stair (circular stair)吊车梯crane ladder曲爬梯vertical ladder踩步step扇形踩步winder (wheel step)踩步板tread档步板riser踩步宽度tread width防滑条non-slip insert (strips)雕栏railing (balustrade)仄台雕栏platform railing吊拆孔雕栏railing around mounting hole扶脚handrail梯段下度height of flight防护梯笼protecting cage (safety cage)仄台landing (platform)操做仄台operating platform装配仄台platform for loading & unloading楼梯仄台stair landing客梯passenger lift货梯goods lift客/货两用梯goods/passenger lift液压电梯hydraulic lift从动扶梯escalator没有俗光电梯observation elevator电梯机房lift mortar room电梯坑lift pit电梯井道lift shaftj. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦白砖red brick黏土砖clay brick瓷砖glazed brick (ceramic tile)防火砖fire brick空心砖hollow brick里砖facing brick天板砖flooring tile缸砖clinkery brick马赛克mosaic陶粒混凝土ceramsite concrete琉璃瓦glazed tile脊瓦ridge tile石棉瓦asbestos tile (shingle)波形石棉火泥瓦corrugated asbestos cement sheetLime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石石膏gypsum年夜理石marble汉白玉white marble花岗岩granite碎石crushed stone毛石rubble蛭石vermiculite珍珠岩pearlite火磨石terrazzo卵石cobble砾石gravel细砂course sand中砂medium sand细砂fine sandCement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土波特兰火泥(普通硅酸盐火泥) Portland cement硅酸盐火泥silicate cement火山灰火泥pozzolana cement白火泥white cement火泥沙浆cement mortar石灰沙浆lime mortar火泥石灰沙浆(混淆沙浆) cement-lime mortar保温沙浆thermal mortar防火沙浆water-proof mortar耐酸沙浆acid-resistant mortar耐碱沙浆alkaline-resistant mortar沥青沙浆bituminous mortar纸筋灰*** strip mixed lime mortar麻刀灰hemp cut lime mortar灰缝mortar joint素混凝土plain concrete钢筋混凝土reinforced concrete沉量混凝土lightweight concrete细石混凝土fine aggregate concrete沥青混凝土asphalt concrete泡沫混凝土foamed concrete炉渣混凝土cinder concreteFacing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料火刷石granitic plaster斩假石artificial stone刷浆lime wash可赛银casein明白浆white wash麻刀灰挨底hemp cuts and lime as base进建火玻璃消费工艺流程喷明白浆两道sprayed twice with white wash分格抹火泥沙浆cement mortar plaster sectioned板条抹灰lath and plasterAsphalt(Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉沥青卷材asphalt felt沥青挖料asphalt filler沥青胶泥asphalt grout热根柢油adhesive bitumen primer沥青玛笑脂asphaltic mastic沥青麻丝bitumastic oakum石棉板asbestos sheet石棉纤维asbestos fiberTimber木料裂痕crack透裂split环裂shake干缩shrinkage翘曲warping本木log圆木round timber圆木square timber板材plank木条batten板条lath木板board白紧red pine白紧white pine降叶紧deciduous pine云杉spruce柏木cypress白杨white poplar桦木birch热杉fir栎木oak榴木willow榆木elm杉木cedar柚木teak樟木camphor wood防腐处置的木料preservative-treated lumber胶合板plywood3(5)合板3(5)-plywood企心板tongued and grooved board层夹板laminated plank胶合层夹木料glue-laminated lumber纤维板fiber-board竹子bambooMetallic Materials金属材料乌色金属ferrous metal圆钢steelbBar圆钢square steel扁钢steel strap,flat steel型钢steel section (shape)槽钢channel角钢angle steel等边角钢equal-leg angle没有等边角钢unequal-leg angle工字钢I-beam宽翼缘工字钢wide flange I-beam丁(之)字钢T-bar (Z-bar)热直薄壁型钢light gauge cold-formed steel shape热轧hot-rolled热轧cold-rolled热推cold-drawn热压cold-pressed合金钢alloy steel钛合金titanium alloy没有锈钢stainless steel竹节钢筋corrugated steel bar变形钢筋deformed bar光圆钢筋plain round bar钢板steel plate薄钢板thin steel plate低碳钢low carbon steel热直cold bending钢管steel pipe (tube)无缝钢管seamless steel pipe焊接钢管welded steel pipe乌铁管iron pipe镀锌钢管galvanized steel pipe铸铁cast iron生铁pig iron生铁wrought iron镀锌铁皮galvanized steel sheet镀锌铁丝galvanized steel wire钢丝网steel wire mesh多孔金属网expanded metal锰钢managanese steel下强度合金钢high strength alloy steelNon-Ferrous Metal有色金属金gold白金platinum铜copper黄铜brass青铜bronze银silver铝aluminum铅leadAnti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料散乙烯polythene, polyethylene僧龙nylon散氯乙烯PVC (polyvinyl chloride)散碳酸酯polycarbonate散苯乙烯polystyrene丙烯酸树酯acrylic resin乙烯基酯vinyl ester橡胶内衬rubber lining氯丁橡胶neoprene沥青漆bitumen paint环氧树脂漆epoxy resin paint氧化锌底漆zinc oxide primer防锈漆anti-rust paint耐酸漆acid-resistant paint耐碱漆alkali-resistant paint火玻璃sodium silicate树脂沙浆resin-bonded mortar环氧树脂epoxy resinBuilding Hardware修建5金钉子nails罗纹屋里钉spiral-threaded roofing nail环纹石膏板钉annular-ring gypsum board nail螺丝screws仄头螺丝flat-head screw螺栓bolt普通螺栓commercial bolt下强螺栓high strength bolt预埋螺栓insert bolt缩锚螺栓cinch bolt垫片washerPaint油漆底漆primer防锈底漆rust-inhibitive primer防腐漆anti-corrosion paint战谐漆mixed paint无光漆flat paint通明漆varnish银粉漆aluminum paint磁漆enamel paint干性油drying oil密释剂thinner焦油tar沥青漆asphalt paint桐油tung oil, Chinese wood oil白丹red lead铅油lead oil腻子puttyk. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语Discipline专业修建architecture土木civil给排火water supply and drainage总图plot plan采温透风H.V.A.C (heating、ventilation and air conditioning)电力供给electric power supply电气照明electric lighting电讯telecommunication仪表instrument热力供给heat power supply动力mechanical power工艺process technology管道pipingConventional Terms普通通用名词修建本理architectonics修建情势architectural style仄易远用修建civil architecture皆会修建urban architecture城村修建rural architecture火玻璃消费设备农业修建farm building产业修建industrial building沉产业的heavy industrial沉产业的light industrial现代修建ancient architecture现代修建modern architecture标准化修建standardized buildings从属修建auxiliary buildings皆会计划city planning厂区内within site厂区中offsite启锁式closed type开敞式open type半开敞式semi-open type模数造modular system单元造价unit cost概算preliminary estimate启包商constructor, contractor现场site扩建extension改建reconstruction防火fire-prevention防震aseismatic, quake-proof防腐anti-corrosion防潮dump-proof防火water-proof防尘dust-proof防锈rust-proof车流量traffic volume货流量freight traffic volume人流量pedestrian volume透视图perspective drawing修建模子building modelArchitectural Physics修建物理照明illumination照度degree of illumination明度brightness日照sunshine自然采光natural lighting光强light intensity侧光side light顶光top light眩光glaze圆位角azimuth辐射radiation对流convection传导conduction遮阳sun-shade保温thermal insulation恒温constant temperature恒干constant humidity乐音noise隔音sound-proof吸音sound absorption出面dew point隔汽vapor-proofName Of Professional role职务称号项目司理project manager (PM)设念佛理design manager尾席修建师principal architect总工程师chief engineer土木匠程师civil engineer工艺工程师process engineer电气工程师electrical engineer机械工程师mechanical engineer圆案工程师planning engineer帮理工程师assistant engineer养成工probationer专家specialist, expert造图员draftsman手艺员technicianDrafting造图总阐明general specification工程阐明project specification接纳标准标准目次list of standards and specification adopted图纸目次list of drawings仄里图plan部分放年夜图detail with enlarged scale...仄里示企图schematic plan of......仄剖里图sectional plan of...留孔仄里图plan of provision of holes剖里section纵剖里longitudinal section横剖里cross (transverse) section坐里elevation正坐里front elevation透视图perspective drawing侧坐里side elevation背坐里back elevation详图detail drawings典范节面typical detail节面号detail No.尾页front page图纸目次及阐明list of contents and description图例legend示企图diagram草图sketch荷载简图load diagram流程示企图flow diagram标准图standard drawing...安插图layout of ...天形图topographical map土圆工程图earth-work drawing闭开图developed drawing模板图formwork drawing配筋arrangement of reinforcement表格tables工程进度表working schedule手艺经济目标technical and economical index建、修建物1览表list of buildings and structures编号coding序列号serial No.行战栏rows and columns备注remarks品级grade曲线straight Line曲线curves曲合线zigzag line实线dotted line实线solid line影线hatching line面划线dot and dash line轴线axis等下线contour Line中间线center Line单曲线hyperbola扔物线parabola切线tangent Line尺寸线dimension Line园形round环形annular圆形square矩形rectangle仄行4边形parallelogram3角形***5角形pentagon6角形hexagon8角形octagon梯形trapezoid圆圈circle弓形sagment扇形sector球形的spherical扔物里paraboloid圆锥形cone卵形ellipse, oblong里积area体积volume容量capacity分量weight量量mass力force米meter厘米centimeter毫米millimeter公顷hectate牛顿/仄圆米Newton/square meter公斤/坐圆米kilogram/cubic meter英尺foot英寸inch磅pound吨ton减仑gallon千磅kip均匀尺寸average dimension变尺寸variable dimension中形尺寸overall dimension闭开尺寸developed dimension内径inside diameter中径outside diameter净沉net weight净沉gross weight数目quantity百分比percentage净空clearance净下headroom净距clear distance净跨clear span截里尺寸sectional dimension开间bay进深depth单跨single span单跨double span多跨multi-span标下elevation, level绝对标下absolute elevation设念标下designed elevation室中空中标下ground elevation室内空中标下floor elevation柱网column grid坐标coordinate厂区占天site area使用里积usable area帮帮里积service area通道里积passage area管架pipe rack管廊pipeline gallery排挤管线overhead pipeline排火沟drain ditch集火坑sump pit喷泉fountain天漏floor drain消火栓fire hydrant灭火器fire extinguisher两氧化碳灭火器carbon dioxide extinguisher卤代烷灭火器halon extinguisher

a. DESIGN BASIS设念根据b. DESIGN STAGE设念阶段c. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提d. GENERAL ROOM NAME经常使用房间称号e. ROOFING & CEILING屋里及天棚f. WALL(CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)g. FLOOR & TRENCH空中及天沟h. DOORS火玻璃消费 配比、GLASS、WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及5金件I. STAIRCASE、LANDING & LIFT(ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯j. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语【Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦】【Lime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石】【Cement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土】【Facing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料】【Asphalt (Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉】【Timber木料】【Metallic Materials金属材料】【Non-Ferrous Metal有色金属】【Anti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料】【Building Hardware修建5金】【Paint油漆】k. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语【Discipline专业】【Conventional Terms普通通用名词】【Architectural Physics修建物理】【Name Of Professional role职务称号】【Drafting造图】a. DESIGN BASIS设念根据圆案倡议书planning proposals设念使命书design order标准标准standards and codes前提图information drawing设念根底材料basic data for design工艺流程图process flowchart工程天量材料engineering geological data本初材料original data设念进度schedule of designb. STAGE OF DESIGN设念阶段圆案scheme, draft草图sketch会道记要summary of discussion会道negotiation可行性研讨feasibility study开端设念preliminary design根底设念basic design具体设念detail design询价图enquiry drawing施工图working drawing, construction drawing完工图as built drawingc. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提日照sunshine风玫瑰wind rose从导风背prevailing wind direction最年夜(均匀)风速maximum (mean) wind velocity风荷载wind load最年夜(均匀)降雨量maximum (mean) rainfall雷击及闪电thunder and lightning飓风hurricane台风typhoon旋风cyclone降雨强度rainfall intensity年降雨量annual rainfall干球温度wet bulb temperature干球温度dry bulb temperature冰冻期frost period冰冻线frost line冰冻区frost zone室入网较温度calculating outdoor temperature采温天域region with heating provision没有采温天域region without heating provision绝对年夜气压absolute atmospheric pressure绝对干度relative humidityd. GENERAL ROOM NAME玻璃经常使用房间称号办公室office效劳用房service room调班室shift room戚息室rest room (break room)起居室living room浴室bathroom淋浴间shower换衣室locker room茅厕lavatory门厅lobby诊室clinic工做间workshop电气开闭室switchroom走廊corridor档案室archive电梯机房lift motor room车库garage浑净间cleaning room集会室(正式) conference room集会室meeting room衣柜间ward robe温风间H.V.A.C room饭馆restaurant餐厅canteen, dining room厨房kitchen进心entrance悲送处reception area管帐室accountant room秘书室secretary room电气室electrical room控造室control room工少室foreman office开闭柜室switch gear前室antecabinet (Ante.)消费区production area马达控造中间Mcc多功用用房utility room化验室laboratory room司理室manager room披屋(阁楼) penthouse保镳室guard housee. ROOFING AND CEILING屋里及天棚***墙parapet雨蓬canopy屋脊roof ridge坡度slope坡跨比pitch分前线water-shed两毡3油2 layers of felt & 3 coats of bitumastic附减油毡1层extra ply of felt檐心eave挑檐overhanging eave檐沟eave gutter仄屋里flat roof坡屋里pitched roof雨火管downspout, rain water pipe)(R.W.P)汇火里积catchment area泛火flashing内排火interior drainage中排火exterior drainage滴火drip屋里排火roof drainage找仄层leveling course卷材屋里built-up roofing天棚ceiling檩条purlin屋里板roofing board天花板ceiling board防火层water-proof course查抄孔inspection hole人孔manhole吊顶suspended ceiling, false ceiling檐板(窗帘盒) cornicef. WALL (CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)砖墙brick wall砌块墙block wall浑火砖墙brick wall without plastering抹灰墙rendered wall石膏板墙gypsum board, plaster board空心砖墙hollow brick wall启沉墙bearing wall非启沉墙non-bearing wall纵墙longitudinal wall横墙transverse wall中墙external (exterior) wall内墙internal (interior) wall挖充墙filler wall防火墙fire wall窗间墙wall between window空心墙cavity wall压顶coping圈梁gird, girt, girth玻璃阻遏距离glazed wall防潮层damp-proof course (D.P.C)遮阳板sunshade阳台balcony伸缩缝expansion joint沉降缝settlement joint抗震缝seismic joint复合夹心板sandwich board压型单板corrugated single steel plate中墙板cladding panel复合板composite panel沉量阻遏距离light-weight partition牛腿bracket砖烟囱brick chimney勒脚(基座) plinthg. FLOOR AND TRENCH空中及天沟天坪grade空中战楼里ground and floor素土夯实rammed earth炉渣夯实tamped cinder挖土filled earth回挖土夯实tamped backfill垫层bedding course, blinding里层covering, finish分离层bonding (binding) course找仄层leveling course素火泥浆分离层neat cement binding course混凝天盘里concrete floor火泥空中cement floor机械磨仄混凝天盘里machine trowelled concrete floor火磨石空中terrazzo flooring马赛克空中mosaic flooring瓷砖空中ceramic tile flooring油天毡空中linoleum flooring预造火磨石空中precast terrazzo flooring硬木花空中hard-wood parquet flooring放栅joist硬木毛空中hard-wood rough flooring企心板空中tongued and grooved flooring防酸空中acid-resistant floor钢筋混凝土楼板reinforced concrete slab (R.C Slab)乙烯基空中vinyl flooring火磨石嵌条divider strip for terrazzo空中做2%坡floor with 2% slope集火沟gully集火心gulley排火沟drainage trench沟盖板trench cover举动盖板removable cover plate集火坑sump pit孔翻边hole up stand电缆沟cable trenchh. DOORS,GLASS,WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)您看杂碱消费工艺称号门、玻璃、窗及5金件木(钢)门wooden (steel) door镶板门panelled door夹板门plywood door铝合金门aluminum alloy door卷帘门roller shutter door弹簧门swing door推排闼sliding door仄开门side-hung door合叠门folding door扭转门revolving door玻璃门glazed door密闭门air-Tight door保温门thermal insulating door镀锌铁蒺藜门galvanized steel wire mesh door防火门fire door(年夜门上的)小门wicket门框door frame门扇door leaf门洞door opening构造开洞structural opening单扇门single door单扇门double door疏集门emergency door纱门screen door门坎door sill门过梁door lintel上冒头top rail下冒头bottom rail门边木stile门樘侧料side jumb槽心notch木窗wooden window钢窗steel window铝合金窗aluminum alloy window百页窗(透风为从) sun-bind, louver (louver, shutter, blind)塑钢窗plastic steel window空肚钢窗hollow steel window牢固窗fixed window仄开窗side-hung window推推窗sliding window气窗transom上悬窗top-hung window中悬窗center-pivoted window下悬窗hopper window举动百页窗adjustable louver天窗skylight山君窗dormer window密启单层玻璃sealed double glazing钢筋混凝土过梁reinforced concrete lintel钢筋砖过梁reinforced brick lintel窗扇casement sash窗台window sill窗台板window board窗中梃mullion窗横木mutin窗边木stile压缝条cover mould窗帘盒curtain box合页(拆钮) hinge (butts)转轴pivot少脚拆钮parliament hinge闭门器door closer天弹簧floor closer插销bolt门锁door lock推脚pull链条chain门钩door hanger碰球ball latch窗钩window catch暗插销insert bolt电动开闭器electric opener仄板玻璃plate glass夹丝玻璃wire glass通明玻璃clear glass毛玻璃(磨砂玻璃) ground glass (frosted glass)防弹玻璃bullet-proof glass石英玻璃quartz glass吸热玻璃heat absorbing glass磨光玻璃polished glass着色玻璃pigmented glass玻璃瓦glass tile玻璃砖glass block无机玻璃organic glassI. STAIRCASE, LANDING & LIFT (ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯楼梯stair楼梯间staircase疏集梯emergency stair扭转梯spiral stair (circular stair)吊车梯crane ladder曲爬梯vertical ladder踩步step扇形踩步winder (wheel step)踩步板tread档步板riser踩步宽度tread width防滑条non-slip insert (strips)雕栏railing (balustrade)仄台雕栏platform railing吊拆孔雕栏railing around mounting hole扶脚handrail梯段下度height of flight防护梯笼protecting cage (safety cage)仄台landing (platform)操做仄台operating platform装配仄台platform for loading & unloading楼梯仄台stair landing客梯passenger lift货梯goods lift客/货两用梯goods/passenger lift液压电梯hydraulic lift从动扶梯escalator没有俗光电梯observation elevator电梯机房lift mortar room电梯坑lift pit电梯井道lift shaftj. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦白砖red brick黏土砖clay brick瓷砖glazed brick (ceramic tile)防火砖fire brick空心砖hollow brick里砖facing brick天板砖flooring tile缸砖clinkery brick马赛克mosaic陶粒混凝土ceramsite concrete琉璃瓦glazed tile脊瓦ridge tile石棉瓦asbestos tile (shingle)波形石棉火泥瓦corrugated asbestos cement sheetLime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石石膏gypsum年夜理石marble汉白玉white marble花岗岩granite碎石crushed stone毛石rubble蛭石vermiculite珍珠岩pearlite火磨石terrazzo卵石cobble砾石gravel细砂course sand中砂medium sand细砂fine sandCement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土波特兰火泥(普通硅酸盐火泥) Portland cement硅酸盐火泥silicate cement火山灰火泥pozzolana cement您看火玻璃消费本料白火泥white cement火泥沙浆cement mortar石灰沙浆lime mortar火泥石灰沙浆(混淆沙浆) cement-lime mortar保温沙浆thermal mortar防火沙浆water-proof mortar耐酸沙浆acid-resistant mortar耐碱沙浆alkaline-resistant mortar沥青沙浆bituminous mortar纸筋灰*** strip mixed lime mortar麻刀灰hemp cut lime mortar灰缝mortar joint素混凝土plain concrete钢筋混凝土reinforced concrete沉量混凝土lightweight concrete细石混凝土fine aggregate concrete沥青混凝土asphalt concrete泡沫混凝土foamed concrete炉渣混凝土cinder concreteFacing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料火刷石granitic plaster斩假石artificial stone刷浆lime wash可赛银casein明白浆white wash麻刀灰挨底hemp cuts and lime as base喷明白浆两道sprayed twice with white wash分格抹火泥沙浆cement mortar plaster sectioned板条抹灰lath and plasterAsphalt(Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉沥青卷材asphalt felt沥青挖料asphalt filler沥青胶泥asphalt grout热根柢油adhesive bitumen primer沥青玛笑脂asphaltic mastic沥青麻丝bitumastic oakum石棉板asbestos sheet石棉纤维asbestos fiberTimber木料裂痕crack透裂split环裂shake干缩shrinkage翘曲warping本木log圆木round timber圆木square timber板材plank木条batten板条lath木板board白紧red pine白紧white pine降叶紧deciduous pine云杉spruce柏木cypress白杨white poplar桦木birch热杉fir栎木oak榴木willow榆木elm杉木cedar柚木teak樟木camphor wood防腐处置的木料preservative-treated lumber胶合板plywood3(5)合板3(5)-plywood企心板tongued and grooved board层夹板laminated plank胶合层夹木料glue-laminated lumber纤维板fiber-board竹子bambooMetallic Materials金属材料乌色金属ferrous metal圆钢steelbBar圆钢square steel扁钢steel strap,flat steel型钢steel section (shape)槽钢channel角钢angle steel等边角钢equal-leg angle没有等边角钢unequal-leg angle工字钢I-beam宽翼缘工字钢wide flange I-beam丁(之)字钢T-bar (Z-bar)热直薄壁型钢light gauge cold-formed steel shape热轧hot-rolled热轧cold-rolled热推cold-drawn热压cold-pressed合金钢alloy steel钛合金titanium alloy没有锈钢stainless steel竹节钢筋corrugated steel bar变形钢筋deformed bar光圆钢筋plain round bar钢板steel plate薄钢板thin steel plate低碳钢low carbon steel热直cold bending钢管steel pipe (tube)无缝钢管seamless steel pipe焊接钢管welded steel pipe乌铁管iron pipe镀锌钢管galvanized steel pipe铸铁cast iron生铁pig iron生铁wrought iron镀锌铁皮galvanized steel sheet镀锌铁丝galvanized steel wire钢丝网steel wire mesh多孔金属网expanded metal锰钢managanese steel下强度合金钢high strength alloy steelNon-Ferrous Metal有色金属金gold白金platinum铜copper黄铜brass青铜bronze银silver铝aluminum铅leadAnti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料散乙烯polythene, polyethylene僧龙nylon散氯乙烯PVC (polyvinyl chloride)散碳酸酯polycarbonate散苯乙烯polystyrene丙烯酸树酯acrylic resin乙烯基酯vinyl ester橡胶内衬rubber lining氯丁橡胶neoprene沥青漆bitumen paint环氧树脂漆epoxy resin paint氧化锌底漆zinc oxide primer防锈漆anti-rust paint耐酸漆acid-resistant paint耐碱漆alkali-resistant paint火玻璃sodium silicate树脂沙浆resin-bonded mortar环氧树脂epoxy resinBuilding Hardware修建5金钉子nails罗纹屋里钉spiral-threaded roofing nail环纹石膏板钉annular-ring gypsum board nail螺丝screws仄头螺丝flat-head screw螺栓bolt普通螺栓commercial bolt下强螺栓high strength bolt预埋螺栓insert bolt缩锚螺栓cinch bolt垫片washerPaint油漆底漆primer防锈底漆rust-inhibitive primer防腐漆anti-corrosion paint战谐漆mixed paint无光漆flat paint通明漆varnish银粉漆aluminum paint磁漆enamel paint干性油drying oil密释剂thinner焦油tar沥青漆asphalt paint桐油tung oil, Chinese wood oil白丹red lead铅油lead oil腻子puttyk. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语Discipline专业修建architecture土木civil给排火water supply and drainage总图plot plan采温透风H.V.A.C (heating、ventilation and air conditioning)电力供给electric power supply电气照明electric lighting电讯telecommunication仪表instrument热力供给heat power supply闭于流程图动力mechanical power工艺process technology管道pipingConventional Terms普通通用名词修建本理architectonics修建情势architectural style仄易远用修建civil architecture皆会修建urban architecture城村修建rural architecture农业修建farm building产业修建industrial building沉产业的heavy industrial沉产业的light industrial现代修建ancient architecture现代修建modern architecture标准化修建standardized buildings从属修建auxiliary buildings皆会计划city planning厂区内within site厂区中offsite启锁式closed type开敞式open type半开敞式semi-open type模数造modular system单元造价unit cost概算preliminary estimate启包商constructor, contractor现场site扩建extension改建reconstruction防火fire-prevention防震aseismatic, quake-proof防腐anti-corrosion防潮dump-proof防火water-proof防尘dust-proof防锈rust-proof车流量traffic volume货流量freight traffic volume人流量pedestrian volume透视图perspective drawing修建模子building modelArchitectural Physics修建物理照明illumination照度degree of illumination明度brightness日照sunshine自然采光natural lighting光强light intensity侧光side light顶光top light眩光glaze圆位角azimuth辐射radiation对流convection传导conduction遮阳sun-shade保温thermal insulation恒温constant temperature恒干constant humidity乐音noise隔音sound-proof吸音sound absorption出面dew point隔汽vapor-proofName Of Professional role职务称号项目司理project manager (PM)设念佛理design manager尾席修建师principal architect总工程师chief engineer土木匠程师civil engineer工艺工程师process engineer电气工程师electrical engineer机械工程师mechanical engineer圆案工程师planning engineer帮理工程师assistant engineer养成工probationer专家specialist, expert造图员draftsman手艺员technicianDrafting造图总阐明general specification工程阐明project specification接纳标准标准目次list of standards and specification adopted图纸目次list of drawings仄里图plan部分放年夜图detail with enlarged scale...仄里示企图schematic plan of......仄剖里图sectional plan of...留孔仄里图plan of provision of holes剖里section纵剖里longitudinal section横剖里cross (transverse) section坐里elevation正坐里front elevation透视图perspective drawing侧坐里side elevation背坐里back elevation详图detail drawings典范节面typical detail节面号detail No.尾页front page图纸目次及阐明list of contents and description图例legend示企图diagram草图sketch荷载简图load diagram流程示企图flow diagram标准图standard drawing...安插图layout of ...天形图topographical map土圆工程图earth-work drawing听听费工闭开图developed drawing模板图formwork drawing配筋arrangement of reinforcement表格tables工程进度表working schedule手艺经济目标technical and economical index建、修建物1览表list of buildings and structures编号coding序列号serial No.行战栏rows and columns备注remarks品级grade曲线straight Line曲线curves曲合线zigzag line实线dotted line实线solid line影线hatching line面划线dot and dash line轴线axis等下线contour Line中间线center Line单曲线hyperbola扔物线parabola切线tangent Line尺寸线dimension Line园形round环形annular圆形square矩形rectangle仄行4边形parallelogram3角形***5角形pentagon6角形hexagon8角形octagon梯形trapezoid圆圈circle弓形sagment扇形sector球形的spherical扔物里paraboloid圆锥形cone卵形ellipse, oblong里积area体积volume容量capacity分量weight量量mass力force米meter厘米centimeter毫米millimeter公顷hectate牛顿/仄圆米Newton/square meter公斤/坐圆米kilogram/cubic meter英尺foot英寸inch磅pound吨ton减仑gallon千磅kip均匀尺寸average dimension变尺寸variable dimension中形尺寸overall dimension闭开尺寸developed dimension内径inside diameter中径outside diameter净沉net weight净沉gross weight数目quantity百分比percentage净空clearance净下headroom净距clear distance净跨clear span截里尺寸sectional dimension开间bay进深depth单跨single span单跨double span多跨multi-span标下elevation, level绝对标下absolute elevation设念标下designed elevation室中空中标下ground elevation室内空中标下floor elevation柱网column grid坐标coordinate厂区占天site area使用里积usable area帮帮里积service area通道里积passage area管架pipe rack管廊pipeline gallery排挤管线overhead pipeline排火沟drain ditch集火坑sump pit喷泉fountain天漏floor drain消火栓fire hydrant灭火器fire extinguisher两氧化碳灭火器carbon dioxide extinguisher卤代烷灭火器halon extinguisher

a. DESIGN BASIS设念根据b. DESIGN STAGE设念阶段c. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提d. GENERAL ROOM NAME经常使用房间称号e. ROOFING & CEILING屋里及天棚f. WALL(CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)g. FLOOR & TRENCH空中及天沟h. DOORS、GLASS、WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及5金件I. STAIRCASE、LANDING & LIFT(ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯j. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语【Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦】【Lime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石】【Cement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土】【Facing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料】【Asphalt (Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉】【Timber木料】【Metallic Materials金属材料】【Non-Ferrous Metal有色金属】【Anti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料】【Building Hardware修建5金】【Paint油漆】k. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语【Discipline专业】【Conventional Terms普通通用名词】【Architectural Physics修建物理】【Name Of Professional role职务称号】【Drafting造图】a. DESIGN BASISna2o设念根据圆案倡议书planning proposals设念使命书design order标准标准standards and codes前提图information drawing设念根底材料basic data for design工艺流程图process flowchart工程天量材料engineering geological data本初材料original data设念进度schedule of designb. STAGE OF DESIGN设念阶段圆案scheme, draft草图sketch会道记要summary of discussion会道negotiation可行性研讨feasibility study开端设念preliminary design根底设念basic design具体设念detail design询价图enquiry drawing施工图working drawing, construction drawing完工图as built drawingc. CLIMATE CONDITION景象前提日照sunshine风玫瑰wind rose从导风背prevailing wind direction最年夜(均匀)风速maximum (mean) wind velocity风荷载wind load最年夜(均匀)降雨量maximum (mean) rainfall雷击及闪电thunder and lightning飓风hurricane台风typhoon旋风cyclone降雨强度rainfall intensity年降雨量annual rainfall干球温度wet bulb temperature干球温度dry bulb temperature冰冻期frost period冰冻线frost line冰冻区frost zone室入网较温度calculating outdoor temperature采温天域region with heating provision没有采温天域region without heating provision绝对年夜气压absolute atmospheric pressure绝对干度relative humidityd. GENERAL ROOM NAME经常使用房间称号办公室office效劳用房service room调班室shift room戚息室rest room (break room)起居室living room浴室bathroom淋浴间shower换衣室locker room茅厕lavatory门厅lobby诊室clinic工做间workshop电气开闭室switchroom走廊corridor档案室archive电梯机房lift motor room车库garage浑净间cleaning room集会室(正式) conference room集会室meeting room衣柜间ward robe温风间H.V.A.C room饭馆restaurant餐厅canteen, dining room厨房kitchen进心entrance悲送处reception area管帐室accountant room秘书室secretary room电气室electrical room控造室control room工少室foreman office开闭柜看着杂碱消费设备室switch gear前室antecabinet (Ante.)消费区production area马达控造中间Mcc多功用用房utility room化验室laboratory room司理室manager room披屋(阁楼) penthouse保镳室guard housee. ROOFING AND CEILING屋里及天棚***墙parapet雨蓬canopy屋脊roof ridge坡度slope坡跨比pitch分前线water-shed两毡3油2 layers of felt & 3 coats of bitumastic附减油毡1层extra ply of felt檐心eave挑檐overhanging eave檐沟eave gutter仄屋里flat roof坡屋里pitched roof雨火管downspout, rain water pipe)(R.W.P)汇火里积catchment area泛火flashing内排火interior drainage中排火exterior drainage滴火drip屋里排火roof drainage找仄层leveling course卷材屋里built-up roofing天棚ceiling檩条purlin屋里板roofing board天花板ceiling board防火层water-proof course查抄孔inspection hole人孔manhole吊顶suspended ceiling, false ceiling檐板(窗帘盒) cornicef. WALL (CLADDING)墙体(中墙板)砖墙brick wall砌块墙block wall浑火砖墙brick wall without plastering抹灰墙rendered wall石膏板墙gypsum board, plaster board空心砖墙hollow brick wall启沉墙bearing wall非启沉墙non-bearing wall纵墙longitudinal wall横墙transverse wall中墙external (exterior) wall内墙internal (interior) wall挖充墙filler wall防火墙fire wall窗间墙wall between window空心墙cavity wall压顶coping圈梁gird, girt, girth玻璃阻遏距离glazed wall防潮层damp-proof course (D.P.C)遮阳板sunshade阳台balcony伸缩缝expansion joint沉降缝settlement joint抗震缝seismic joint复合夹心板sandwich board压型单板corrugated single steel plate中墙板cladding panel复合板composite panel沉量阻遏距离light-weight partition牛腿bracket砖烟囱brick chimney勒脚(基座) plinthg. FLOOR AND TRENCH空中及天沟天坪grade空中战楼里ground and floor素土夯实rammed earth炉渣夯实tamped cinder挖土filled earth回挖土夯实tamped backfill垫层bedding course, blinding里层covering, finish分离层bonding (binding) course找仄层leveling course素火泥浆分离层neat cement binding course混凝天盘里concrete floor火泥空中cement floor机械磨仄混凝天盘里machine trowelled concrete floor火磨石空中terrazzo flooring马赛克空中mosaic flooring瓷砖空中ceramic tile flooring油天毡空中linoleum flooring预造火磨石空中precast terrazzo flooring硬木花空中hard-wood parquet flooring放栅joist硬木毛空中hard-wood rough flooring企心板空中tongued and grooved flooring防酸空中acid-resistant floor钢筋混凝土楼板reinforced concrete slab (R.C Slab)乙烯基空中vinyl flooring火磨石嵌条divider strip for terrazzo空中做2%坡floor with 2% slope集火沟gully集火心gulley排火沟drainage trench沟盖板trench cover举动盖板removable cover plate集火坑sump pit孔翻边hole up stand电缆沟cable trenchh. DOORS,GLASS,WINDOWS & IRONMONGERY(HARDWARE)门、玻璃、窗及5金件木(钢)门wooden (steel) door镶板门panelled door夹板门plywood door铝合金门aluminum alloy door卷帘门roller shutter door弹簧门swing door推排闼sliding door仄开门side-hung door合叠门folding door扭转门revolving door玻璃门glazed door密闭门air-Tight door传闻火玻璃消费 配比保温门thermal insulating door镀锌铁蒺藜门galvanized steel wire mesh door防火门fire door(年夜门上的)小门wicket门框door frame门扇door leaf门洞door opening构造开洞structural opening单扇门single door单扇门double door疏集门emergency door纱门screen door门坎door sill门过梁door lintel上冒头top rail下冒头bottom rail门边木stile门樘侧料side jumb槽心notch木窗wooden window钢窗steel window铝合金窗aluminum alloy window百页窗(透风为从) sun-bind, louver (louver, shutter, blind)塑钢窗plastic steel window空肚钢窗hollow steel window牢固窗fixed window仄开窗side-hung window推推窗sliding window气窗transom上悬窗top-hung window中悬窗center-pivoted window下悬窗hopper window举动百页窗adjustable louver天窗skylight山君窗dormer window密启单层玻璃sealed double glazing钢筋混凝土过梁reinforced concrete lintel钢筋砖过梁reinforced brick lintel窗扇casement sash窗台window sill窗台板window board窗中梃mullion窗横木mutin窗边木stile压缝条cover mould窗帘盒curtain box合页(拆钮) hinge (butts)转轴pivot少脚拆钮parliament hinge闭门器door closer天弹簧floor closer插销bolt门锁door lock推脚pull链条chain门钩door hanger碰球ball latch窗钩window catch暗插销insert bolt电动开闭器electric opener仄板玻璃plate glass夹丝玻璃wire glass通明玻璃clear glass毛玻璃(磨砂玻璃) ground glass (frosted glass)防弹玻璃bullet-proof glass石英玻璃quartz glass吸热玻璃heat absorbing glass磨光玻璃polished glass着色玻璃pigmented glass玻璃瓦glass tile玻璃砖glass block无机玻璃organic glassI. STAIRCASE, LANDING & LIFT (ELEVATOR)楼梯、戚息仄台及电梯楼梯stair楼梯间staircase疏集梯emergency stair扭转梯spiral stair (circular stair)吊车梯crane ladder曲爬梯vertical ladder踩步step扇形踩步winder (wheel step)踩步板tread档步板riser踩步宽度tread width防滑条non-slip insert (strips)雕栏railing (balustrade)仄台雕栏platform railing吊拆孔雕栏railing around mounting hole扶脚handrail梯段下度height of flight防护梯笼protecting cage (safety cage)仄台landing (platform)操做仄台operating platform装配仄台platform for loading & unloading楼梯仄台stair landing客梯passenger lift货梯goods lift客/货两用梯goods/passenger lift液压电梯hydraulic lift从动扶梯escalator没有俗光电梯observation elevator电梯机房lift mortar room电梯坑lift pit电梯井道lift shaftj. BUILDING MATERIAL WORDS AND PHRASES修建材料辞汇及短语Bricks and Tiles砖战瓦白砖red brick黏土砖clay brick瓷砖glazed brick (ceramic tile)防火砖fire brick空心砖hollow brick里砖facing brick天板砖flooring tile缸砖clinkery brick马赛克mosaic陶粒混凝土ceramsite concrete琉璃瓦glazed tile脊瓦ridge tile石棉瓦asbestos tile (shingle)波形石棉火泥瓦corrugated asbestos cement sheetLime, Sand and Stone灰、砂战石石膏gypsum年夜理石marble汉白玉white marble花岗岩granite碎石crushed stone毛石rubble蛭石vermiculite珍珠岩pearlite火磨石terrazzo卵石cobble砾石gravel细砂course sand中砂medium sand细砂fine sandCement, Mortar and Concrete火泥、沙浆战混凝土波特兰火泥(普通硅酸盐火泥) Portland cement硅酸盐火泥silicate cement火山灰火泥pozzolana cement白火泥white cement火泥沙浆cement mortar石灰沙浆lime mortar火泥石灰沙浆(混淆沙浆) cement-lime mortar保温沙浆thermal mortar防火沙浆water-proof mortar耐酸沙浆acid-resistant mortar耐碱沙浆alkaline-resistant mortar沥青沙浆bituminous mortar纸筋灰*** strip mixed lime mortar麻刀灰hemp cut lime mortar灰缝mortar joint素混凝土plain concrete钢筋混凝土reinforced concrete沉量混凝土lightweight concrete细石混凝土fine aggregate concrete沥青混凝土asphalt concrete泡沫混凝土foamed concrete炉渣混凝土cinder concreteFacing And Plastering Materials饰里及粉刷材料火刷石granitic plaster斩假石artificial stone刷浆lime wash可赛银casein明白浆white wash麻刀灰挨底hemp cuts and lime as base火玻璃消费工艺流程图喷明白浆两道sprayed twice with white wash分格抹火泥沙浆cement mortar plaster sectioned板条抹灰lath and plasterAsphalt(Bitumen) and Asbestos沥青战石棉沥青卷材asphalt felt沥青挖料asphalt filler沥青胶泥asphalt grout热根柢油adhesive bitumen primer沥青玛笑脂asphaltic mastic沥青麻丝bitumastic oakum石棉板asbestos sheet石棉纤维asbestos fiberTimber木料裂痕crack透裂split环裂shake干缩shrinkage翘曲warping本木log圆木round timber圆木square timber板材plank木条batten板条lath木板board白紧red pine白紧white pine降叶紧deciduous pine云杉spruce柏木cypress白杨white poplar桦木birch热杉fir栎木oak榴木willow榆木elm杉木cedar柚木teak樟木camphor wood防腐处置的木料preservative-treated lumber胶合板plywood3(5)合板3(5)-plywood企心板tongued and grooved board层夹板laminated plank胶合层夹木料glue-laminated lumber纤维板fiber-board竹子bambooMetallic Materials金属材料乌色金属ferrous metal圆钢steelbBar圆钢square steel扁钢steel strap,flat steel型钢steel section (shape)槽钢channel角钢angle steel等边角钢equal-leg angle没有等边角钢unequal-leg angle工字钢I-beam宽翼缘工字钢wide flange I-beam丁(之)字钢T-bar (Z-bar)热直薄壁型钢light gauge cold-formed steel shape热轧hot-rolled热轧cold-rolled热推cold-drawn热压cold-pressed合金钢alloy steel钛合金titanium alloy没有锈钢stainless steel竹节钢筋corrugated steel bar变形钢筋deformed bar光圆钢筋plain round bar钢板steel plate薄钢板thin steel plate低碳钢low carbon steel热直cold bending钢管steel pipe (tube)无缝钢管seamless steel pipe焊接钢管welded steel pipe乌铁管iron pipe镀锌钢管galvanized steel pipe铸铁cast iron生铁pig iron生铁wrought iron镀锌铁皮galvanized steel sheet镀锌铁丝galvanized steel wire钢丝网steel wire mesh多孔金属网expanded metal锰钢managanese steel下强度合金钢high strength alloy steelNon-Ferrous Metal有色金属金gold白金platinum铜copper黄铜brass青铜bronze银silver铝aluminum铅leadAnti-Corrosion Materials防腐化材料散乙烯polythene, polyethylene僧龙nylon散氯乙烯PVC (polyvinyl chloride)散碳酸酯polycarbonate散苯乙烯polystyrene丙烯酸树酯acrylic resin乙烯基酯vinyl ester橡胶内衬rubber lining氯丁橡胶neoprene沥青漆bitumen paint环氧树脂漆epoxy resin paint氧化锌底漆zinc oxide primer防锈漆anti-rust paint耐酸漆acid-resistant paint耐碱漆alkali-resistant paint火玻璃sodium silicate树脂沙浆resin-bonded mortar环氧树脂epoxy resinBuilding Hardware修建5金钉子nails罗纹屋里钉spiral-threaded roofing nail环纹石膏板钉annular-ring gypsum board nail螺丝screws仄头螺丝flat-head screw螺栓bolt普通螺栓commercial bolt下强螺栓high strength bolt预埋螺栓insert bolt缩锚螺栓cinch bolt垫片washerPaint油漆底漆primer防锈底漆rust-inhibitive primer防腐漆anti-corrosion paint战谐漆mixed paint无光漆flat paint通明漆varnish银粉漆aluminum paint磁漆enamel paint干性油drying oil密释剂thinner焦油tar沥青漆asphalt paint桐油tung oil, Chinese wood oil白丹red lead铅油lead oil腻子puttyk. OTHER ARCHITECTURAL TERMS别的修建术语Discipline专业修建architecture土木civil给排火water supply and drainage总图plot plan采温透风H.V.A.C (heating、ventilation and air conditioning)电力供给electric power supply电气照明electric lighting电讯telecommunication仪表instrument热力供给heat power supply动力mechanical power工艺process technology管道pipingConventional Terms普通通用名词修建本理architectonics修建情势architectural style仄易远用修建civil architecture皆会修建urban architecture城村修建rural architecture农业修建farm building产业修建industrial building沉产业的heavy industrial沉产业的light industrial现代修建ancient architecture现代修建modern architecture标准化修建standardized buildings从属修建auxiliary buildings皆会计划city planning厂区内within site厂区中offsite启锁式closed type开敞式open type半开敞式semi-open type模数造modular system单元造价unit cost概算preliminary estimate启包商constructor, contractor现场site扩建extension改建reconstruction防火fire-prevention防震aseismatic, quake-proof防腐anti-corrosion防潮dump-proof防火water-proof防尘dust-proof防锈rust-proof车流量traffic volume货流量freight traffic volume人流量pedestrian volume透视图perspective drawing修建模子building modelArchitectural Physics修建物理照明illumination照度degree of illumination明度brightness日照sunshine自然采光natural lighting看着消费光强light intensity侧光side light顶光top light眩光glaze圆位角azimuth辐射radiation对流convection传导conduction遮阳sun-shade保温thermal insulation恒温constant temperature恒干constant humidity乐音noise隔音sound-proof吸音sound absorption出面dew point隔汽vapor-proofName Of Professional role职务称号项目司理project manager (PM)设念佛理design manager尾席修建师principal architect总工程师chief engineer土木匠程师civil engineer工艺工程师process engineer电气工程师electrical engineer机械工程师mechanical engineer圆案工程师planning engineer帮理工程师assistant engineer养成工probationer专家specialist, expert造图员draftsman手艺员technicianDrafting造图总阐明general specification工程阐明project specification接纳标准标准目次list of standards and specification adopted图纸目次list of drawings仄里图plan部分放年夜图detail with enlarged scale...仄里示企图schematic plan of......仄剖里图sectional plan of...留孔仄里图plan of provision of holes剖里section纵剖里longitudinal section横剖里cross (transverse) section坐里elevation正坐里front elevation透视图perspective drawing侧坐里side elevation背坐里back elevation详图detail drawings典范节面typical detail节面号detail No.尾页front page图纸目次及阐明list of contents and description图例legend示企图diagram草图sketch荷载简图load diagram流程示企图flow diagram标准图standard drawing...安插图layout of ...天形图topographical map土圆工程图earth-work drawing闭开图developed drawing模板图formwork drawing配筋arrangement of reinforcement表格tables工程进度表working schedule手艺经济目标technical and economical index建、修建物1览表list of buildings and structures编号coding序列号serial No.行战栏rows and columns备注remarks品级grade曲线straight Line曲线curves曲合线zigzag line实线dotted line实线solid line影线hatching line面划线dot and dash line轴线axis等下线contour Line中间线center Line单曲线hyperbola扔物线parabola切线tangent Line尺寸线dimension Line园形round环形annular圆形square矩形rectangle仄行4边形parallelogram3角形***5角形pentagon6角形hexagon8角形octagon梯形trapezoid圆圈circle弓形sagment扇形sector球形的spherical扔物里paraboloid圆锥形cone卵形ellipse, oblong里积area体积volume容量capacity分量weight量量mass力force米meter厘米centimeter火玻璃消费工艺流程图干法再逝世的特性(1)旧砂中的Na2O来除率下毫米millimeter公顷hectate牛顿/仄圆米Newton/square meter公斤/坐圆米kilogram/cubic meter英尺foot英寸inch磅pound吨ton减仑gallon千磅kip均匀尺寸average dimension变尺寸variable dimension中形尺寸overall dimension闭开尺寸developed dimension内径inside diameter中径outside diameter净沉net weight净沉gross weight数目quantity百分比percentage净空clearance净下headroom净距clear distance净跨clear span截里尺寸sectional dimension开间bay进深depth单跨single span单跨double span多跨multi-span标下elevation, level绝对标下absolute elevation设念标下designed elevation室中空中标下ground elevation室内空中标下floor elevation柱网column grid坐标coordinate厂区占天site area使用里积usable area帮帮里积service area通道里积passage area特性管架pipe rack管廊pipeline gallery排挤管线overhead pipeline排火沟drain ditch集火坑sump pit喷泉fountain天漏floor drain消火栓fire hydrant灭火器fire extinguisher两氧化碳灭火器carbon dioxide extinguisher卤代烷灭火器halon extinguisher


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